Category Archives: Amateur Radio

News, musings, and insights, to the Amateur Radio hobby!


This past year I dove into the use of DMR – Digital Mobile Radio! There are two reasons I enjoy using DMR, alongside conventional analog communications. Those reasons are the computer and radio science involved in the implementation of DMR systems, and the fellowship with other amateur radio operators!

Recently I was speaking with an operator on DMR and he brought up a great point. Currently there is not a website available to indicate when MD380tools has been updated. So, I have taken a moment and I have compiled a way to tell when ‘tools has been updated, and also an easy to follow guide on installing tools.

But before we go any farther I suppose I need to explain exactly what MD380tools is. ‘tools as it’s often called is used on Tytera, a.k.a. TYT, radios which have the model number MD380, MD390, and MD2017. These radios are approved by the F.C.C. for amateur radio use, but they have more “land mobile or business service” traits about them. Some of these traits inhibit the ability to change frequencies, or talk groups via the keypad. What MD380tools does, is allows amateur radio operators the ability to control the radio via the keypad, much as they would use any other amateur radio.

I have furthered my use in DMR by successfully building a Raspberry Pi 20mW DMR repeater, using an OpenSPOT SharkRF, which works great for use around the house and neighborhood. By using the Raspberry Pi for its internet connection, I have created the ability to remotely log into the Pi and the OpenSPOT anywhere I have an internet or cellular connection. But I will touch more on that topic later.

I am going to mainly focus on the links to find the information and files needed, but I recommend reading the PDF file which details the installation of MD380tools. This PDF can be downloaded in its entirety at this link:

Other links regarding MD380tools are below:

Google Group MD380tools:

Facebook Group MD380tools/KD4Z Toolkit Custom Firmware Support Group:

Step 1: Downloading the image file containing the VM (Virtual Machine). I have found the best success for installing ‘tools by downloading from the mirror site, the software titled tyt_kd4z_3.0.ova. Here is the link to mirror site:

Step 2: Download Virtual Box. You must download Virtual Box to run the software titled tyt_kd4z_3.0.ova, which you downloaded in Step 1. Here is the link to Virtual Box:

Step 3: Installing Virtual Box. DO NOT FORGET TO COMPLETE THIS STEP! Once you download Virtual Box you have to install the Extension Pack, which is located on the Virtual Box Downloads page. The link for the download page is in Step 2. You have to click on the link titled “All supported platforms”. The All supported platforms link is here:

Step 4: Reboot Your Workstation. The PDF you downloaded recommends rebooting the workstation to ensure your USB devices integrate with Virtual Box. It is also recommended to connect the radio and USB after rebooting your computer.

Step 5: Import the Virtual Machine File tyt_kd4z_3.0.ova. In Virtual Box, click File > Import Appliance, then select the file tyt_kd4z_3.0.ova from the folder you saved it to.

Step 6: Start the Virtual Machine. Easy as it sounds, just load the software for MD380tools.

Travis Goodspeed, KD0KKV has done a fantastic job building this software, and Warren Merkel, KD4Z has done a great job forking this project, and allowing other ham radio operators the ability to use our Tytera MD380 radios to connect to others all over the world!

These steps are just the simplified basics, and I STRONGLY RECOMMEND reading the entire PDF Installation Guide before, and during installation, to ensure that no steps are missed. The primary purpose of this post is to point you to the links with relative ease. During my installation, I had difficulty locating the links and I wasted valuable time trying to find where I needed to navigate to online.


Amateur Radios and Their Use Saving Lives

Recently our world was rocked with the news that Annie Schmidt, daughter of Jon Schmidt of The Piano Guy’s, had gone missing while hiking in the back country of Oregon State. Immediately Jaime and myself, along with many others, began praying for her safe return. Days turned into weeks as the search for Annie continued, which lead to my wondering of what may have happened to her. Tragically the news came in weeks later, that Annie had fallen from a cliff and sadly perished. Her body was found at the base of the cliff weeks later by Search and Rescue teams, led by cadaver dogs. We all were praying for her safe return, and were heartbroken to learn of her fate.

A few years ago, Geraldine Largay went missing while hiking the Appalachian  Trail in the great state of Maine in 2013. Searches were performed without success, and she was presumed dead, and the search halted. Unknown to would-be rescuers she survived for nearly one month, and weeks after the search was halted, in the back country of Maine, along the Appalachian Trail. She was left to die alone and afraid, waiting for help that never came. She tried to send multiple text messages to her husband requesting help from police. It would not be until the year 2015 that her remains would be found by a forester, two years too late.

What is the point of this article you may wonder? Well, when I heard of Annie Schmidt’s case where she was missing, and ultimately found deceased, I wondered what if she was like Geraldine Largray. Because I first poised the question when I heard about Geraldine’s case and her disappearance. What if they were so far back in the woods, conventional cellular telephone reception was not available. How would someone call for help?

Amateur Radio is how someone could call for help.

See, Amateur Radio is far more reliable than typical cellular telephones. Amateur radio operators, “Hams” as coined by our ranks, often build repeaters, similar to cell towers, that cover areas in remote mountainous regions where cell phones do not work. The only difference is our radios have far more power than cell phones, and they are far more reliable. If someone is stranded and in need of help, where cell phones fail, a simple 5 watt radio with Amateur Radio Repeaters programmed into the memories, may be the difference between life and death.

See I have a view from both sides of the coin, as a public servant, and as an amateur radio operator who enjoys his time spent in the mountains and back countries of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the Cherokee National Forest, and everywhere in between.

While I am in the back country I employ the use of the Yaesu FT1DR, a handheld radio that is equipped with an internal GPS capable of use on APRS (Automatic Packet Reporting System) and transmits my location on 145.390 MHz, which is received by digital repeaters, and the information can be located at by searching the call sign of the amateur radio operator, and the SSID if one is used. For example my call sign and SSID is N2AL-7. If something should happen to me I can transmit messages via text on APRS to other stations, requesting help, and communicating back and forth with other stations. Most importantly can be used to find station locations when they have their GPS enabled.

I can also use my handheld radio to transmit on amateur radio FM repeaters which are programmed into the radio, and request help that way. I use a program called RT Systems for my radio, and I can automatically program all repeaters within a 100 mile radius of where I select, into the memory banks. This way I have all the repeaters available for use, and can signal for help if needed.

This can mean the difference between life everlasting, and death all alone. It would not have saved Annie Schmidt unfortunately, but it may have saved Geraldine Largray. The cost for amateur radio use is not expensive at all. My radio, with the software, and an extra battery, and an MFJ 12.5 inch dual band VHF/UHF antenna cost me close to $300.00 a few years ago. Add some solar panel chargers for the batteries, and you can take the radio with you, charge it on the go, and have the capability to signal for help if needed. You are not constrained to finding a wall power outlet to charge the radio with. You can use the solar panels and let them do it for you, while you hike.

The knowledge required for amateur radio operations, and testing to obtain a license, is not complicated at all. It actually is quite easy. I studied for three days, mostly consisting of watching The Ham Whisperer on YouTube, where he went over all the questions, then the answers, for the test banks. I received my Technician Class license a week later and I was on the air.

The Technician Class license, next the General Class, and finally the Extra Class license, are not difficult to obtain. But for the purpose of VHF & UHF FM communications while portable and hiking, or driving, about the back country or the city, all that is needed is the Technician Class license.

To conclude, Amateur Radio has the ability to save lives, and they save lives far more than someone might think. Where I live in East Tennessee is close to The Dragon, The Cherohala Skyway, the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Cherokee Forest, and other places that are prone to cell phone coverage lapses. Often when trouble occurs in these hard to reach places, Amateur Radio operators use their radios to summon help. It happens quite frequently, and as of this article, I know of two cases this week alone in East Tennessee. If we could get more people who spend their time outdoors in remote regions to use Amateur Radio’s, then we could save more lives when disaster happens.

Now as a side note I DO NOT recommend using Amateur Radio as the sole method of signaling for help. A lot of professional companies have developed ways of requesting assistance during an emergency.

One such device is a PLB, also know as a Personal Locator Beacon, which is very similar to an Emergency Position-Indicating Radio-beacon Station (EPIRB) used on marine vessels across the world. These devices are relatively inexpensive, although you cannot put a price on your life and safety. The basic concept is relatively simple -It can be automatically activated when certain conditions are met, or manually activated when emergency assistance is required. The devices are battery-powered and some work via GPS and radio beacon. More information on these devices can be found at the links below.

Please join me in continuing to keep the families of both Annie Schmidt, and Geraldine Largay, in our thoughts and prayers. These are two tragic cases where two families lost loved ones. God bless them, and God bless us all.


Challenge Accepted – Learning Morse Code

After years of being a ham radio operator, and an Extra Class, I have choosen to learn Morse Code. When I was licensed the Morse Code portion of the exam was no longer required, although older hams had to copy Morse Code to obtain their equivalant licenses of Technician, General, and Extra class.

But a few things lead me to make the decision to learn Morse Code. A few of those reasons were for knowledge, use, and wanting to follow the footsteps of other hams.

When repeaters identify, a lot if not the majority of repeaters, use Morse Code to identify, even if they have voice identification enabled. Well not knowing code makes it exteremly difficult (more like impossible) to copy who the repeater licensee actually is. Knowing how to copy, and subsequently receive, Morse Code gives an operator the ability to copy the repeater which they happen to be monitoring.

Another practical use of code is DX’ing. A lot of DX stations will utilize Morse Code for making long distance DX contacts with other amateur radio stations. All too often I have been voice DX’ing and while generally able to break into a pile up, on the CW side there are not a lot of stations to break up in order to QSO with that hard to reach station.

Above all else is not wanting to be “that ham”. While respected as an amateur radio operator, I never had to learn code like other more mature hams had to do. When I began studying for my license I did after the code requirements were aboloshed. Side note: the reasoning for abolishing the Morse Code requirements was to generate more interst into the hobby, as it was experiencing a decline in use and licensees. But to set the example and follow what others before myself did, I am taking the opportunity to learn Morse Code.

I have found a few good websites online that have information to assist with learning Morse Code. One happens to be The Ham Whisperer where he has videos that teaches the Technician, General, and Extra courses, and Morse Code. I strongly reccomend The Ham Whisperer, and other links found on the N2AL website Under Training Materials & Links.

Below is a picture from a Pinterest article I found. I pinned it to my N2AL Amateur Radio Board, and wanted to share it with others taking the endeavor to learn Morse Code.

Best wishes for those studying to learn Morse Code, and thanks for taking the time to read my blog! If I can assist you with this endeavor please send me a messag

Morse Code

N2AL – My New Call Sign

A few weeks ago I received exciting news from the F.C.C.! My application for the amateur radio call sign N2AL was approved, after being pooled between five radio operators, myself included. While trading in N4AWL for N2AL was a difficult choice, choosing a callsign that reflects the amateur extra class, and easier for DX operation, was worth the change. My thoughts were if I received N2AL that was wonderful, and if I did not receive it, then it was for the best.

It has been an interesting change to go from N4AWL, to N2AL. Not as confusing as changing my previous callsign from KK4IFN to N4AWL, but still it takes some adjustment in time.

Before anyone worries that I will be changing the website, do not fear! I plan to keep as my primary website. the site is not available, and even if it were, has been established and I do not wish to change it. So please everyone welcome the new callsign change, and I hope to hear you on the bands!


73 to all and God bless!

Andrew | N2AL

Maine Warden Service – North Woods Law

Yesterday evening after arriving home I checked my mail as I normally do. Enclosed in my mail was an envelope, with bubble wrap on the inside and weather-proofed, with documents protected by cardboard. My call sign, N4AWL, was written on the address label. Believing it contained QSL cards from contacted amateur radio stations I carefully cut open the envelope, and pulled out some documents, with a QSL card attached! Enclosed in this parcel was a QSL card from a station in Maine, but instead of many QSL cards from a QSL manager, it contained signed autographs from the wardens on the Animal Planet series, North Woods Law! To say that I was elated was an understatement!! I was so excited I could not speak, or sleep! It is not everyday a surprise like that lands on the doorstep, let alone the mailbox!

I had a conversation with “Mike” a few weeks prior, who is an extra class amateur radio operator, and during our conversation we discussed our professions, and our enjoyment of the television series, North Woods Law. He performs work for the Maine Warden Service, and the Wardens featured on North Woods Law. After our conversation on 40 meters, lower side band, unbeknownst to me he had the fourteen wardens featured on the tv series sign a poster for me, and included a one of a kind poster he designed, autographed by Warden Chris Simmons!

I am so humbled and thankful this fellow ham chose to think of me, and send me this gift. Words are unable to express my appreciation. I plan to find a Maine Warden Service department patch, and have these items framed. Have a look at the slideshow below, which contains the pictures of the QSL card, and the autographed posters.


73 and I hope to see you on the bands!

Andrew | N4AWL

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HUK Electronics Quick-Tune Dongle for Yaesu FT-817, FT-857 & FT-897

Last week I logged online to HUK Electronics, after searching online for a quick-tune device for my Yaesu FT-857. I was looking for a device to allow me to tune on all HF bands, often how some hams use a tuning key. To my suprise I located the Quick-Tune Dongle produced by HUK Electronics, and the specs looked great!

HUK Electronics

In short -this device allows an operator the ability to tune any Yaesu FT 817, 857 & 897, using an AM carrier on 1/4 power (25 watts), or on PSK at full power (100 watts).

For me, the AM carrier tuning ability works best. To give you some background on my radio station setup, I use a Yaesu FT-857, that is tuned by an MFJ Intellituner Automatic Antenna Tuner Model 993b. The antenna I have is a 230 foot Center Fed Zepp, strung close to sixty feet in the air, and fed by close to 100 feet of 50 ohm ladder line. Obviously this antenna is not resinant on any certain frequency. My problem I found was that while tuning, my radio could not produce a carrier at 25 watts, and properly tune the antenna, without me having to switch modes, and access the menu to lower the output power. See, the MFJ automatic tuner I use gets a little upset when I run full power, or 100 watts, into it, and will not allow me to tune.

This Quick-Tune Dongle is an 8 pin mini din connection, that plugs into the rear of the radio, in the CAT port. Yes an operator will have to sacrifice the CAT port’s ability to control the radio via computer, but to me the trade-off is acceptable. I do A LOT of DX’ing, and switching from band-to-band, and even moving up and down the spectrum of a single band makes tuning a hassle.

Last week I ordered this Quick-Tune Dongle from G4HUk, an amateur radio operator in England. The cost of the dongle and shipping totaled $36.18 USD, not that expensive. Surprisingly the device arrived within seven days, air mailed from England.

Once I set the device up for tuning on AM at 25 watts, I plugged the device into the radio’s CAT port. It was unable to produce an AM carrier above 3 watts, causing the radio the inability to tune properly. After some investigating I found the problem, which was on my end.

BIG NOTE TO SELF TO REMEMBER IF YOU CANNOT PRODUCE AN AM CARRIER ON A YAESU FT-817, 857 & 897: If you go into the radio’s hidden menu, and change the AM Carrier level, you can control the amount of power output the radio will produce. Mine was set at 96, producing roughly 3 watts of power. I set this level to 120, which is an even 25 watts on my radio. Each radio is different, but remember the origional setting, in case you need to default back to the origional setting.

Side Note: I only recommend this tip if you have a knowledge of this radio, and what you are doing. If you access the secret menu and incorrectly set all the settings, you can cause irreputable damage to your radio. Click on the picture below for more information. 

The QRP World

Here is what the menu information looks like for the AM Carrier:

Menu No.:     69

Name:     AM CAR

Memory Addres (HEX):     4B

Description:     This sets the level of the AM carier. This is typically set for a lower carrier level of 6db below that of the peak output power. Lower value = Lower Power.

After fixing these minor issues, which is not a major occurance for users, I tested my new device out. When using this device to tune a radio, double key and hold the PTT button. Example: Press/Release PTT – instantly Press/hold PPT. Doing this task automatically placed my radio into AM mode, dropped the power down to 25 watts, and my automatic antenna tuner instantly tuned the radio to 1.0 SWR, on virtually every amateur radio band.

You may view the YouTube video HUK Electronics produced, for more information on how this device operates.


To end, I highly recommend the Quick-Tune Dongle to any serious ham radio operator. It works flawless for me, and I am certain it will for other operators as well. I also recommend remembering this AM carrier setting in the hidden menu, should you find yourself, or another operator, having problems transmitting on AM.

Please feel free to share this post with other operators, and as always, contact me if you have any questions, comments, or additions to this blog.


73 to you and your family. God bless.

Andrew | N4AWL


East Tennessee Amateur Radio Frequencies

Hey everyone! I am posting a spreadsheet, originally copied from my Yaesu FT-857D, with HF/VHF/UHF frequencies used around the East Tennessee area. I thought I would share this for those who would like to add useable frequencies into their radios rather easily.

This spreadsheet can be copied and pasted into Microsoft Excel, where you can create a .CSV file to upload to most radios. There is also a link below you may click, to view the Excel worksheet with this information, for easier reference.

Amateur Frequencies for (excel)

For my personal use, you will see where some frequencies have TSQL and some have Tone settings. Depending on the amount of interference I receive on certain frequencies, I enable the TSQL to eliminate the interference. It is strictly user preference as to which tone setting you choose to use.

Should you have any additions or revisions, or questions, please send me an email via the Contact link, and I will get the information corrected.


10 meters

Name Frequency Duplex Offset Tone Rx Tone Tx Tone County
W4ZJM 29.62 - 0.1 Tone 100 100
AG4TI 29.66 - 0.1 Tone 91.5 91.5
KB4REC 29.68 - 0.1


6 meters

Name Frequency Duplex Offset Tone Rx Tone Tx Tone County
WA4BGK 52.71 - 1
KF4FTD 53.01 - 1 Tone 114.8 114.8
NO4Q 53.03 - 1
WD4GYN 53.11 - 1
WB4GBI 53.15 - 1 Tone 107.2 107.2
KQ4E 53.23 - 1
W4KEV 53.25 - 1
K4DHT 53.33 - 1
NQ4Y 53.45 - 1 Tone 114.8 114.8
KB4REC 53.47 - 1 Tone 100 100
W4BBB 53.77 - 1 Tone 100 100
W4KEV 53.93 - 1
KD4CWB 53.99 - 1


2 meters

Name Frequency Duplex Offset Tone Rx Tone Tx Tone County
WM4T 145.11 - 0.6
KA4OAK 145.13 - 0.6
KG4FZR 145.15 - 0.6 Tone 141.3 141.3 McMinn
K4MFD 145.15 - 0.6 Tone 118.8 118.8 Greene
WB4GBI 145.17 - 0.6 Tone 118.8 118.8
KD4XV 145.19 - 0.6
W4BBB 145.21 - 0.6 Tone 100 100
W4KEV 145.23 - 0.6
W4YJ 145.25 - 0.6 TSQL 100 100 Monroe
KK4DKW 145.27 - 0.6 TSQL 127.3 127.3 Blount
145.29 - 0.6 Tone 127.3 127.3
WM4RB 145.31 - 0.6 Tone 141.3 141.3
AC4JF 145.33 - 0.6 Tone 100 100
N4AZK 145.35 - 0.6
W4KEV 145.37 - 0.6 Tone 100 100
W4AM 145.39 - 0.6
W4WC 145.39 - 0.6 Tone 186.2 186.2
KI4OTQ 145.41 - 0.6 Tone 127.3 127.3
WB4YLC 145.43 - 0.6 Tone 127.3 127.3
KJA4M 145.45 - 0.6
WB4GBI 145.47 - 0.6 Tone 118.8 118.8
WB4LHO 145.49 - 0.6 Warren
VHF CALL 146.52 0
146.535 - 0.6
SEV ARES 146.55 - 0.6
146.56 - 0.6
146.565 - 0.6
146.58 - 0.6
W4AM 146.61 - 0.6 Tone 107.2 107.2
WB4GBI 146.625 - 0.6 Tone 118.8 118.8
146.64 - 0.6
W4OLB 146.655 - 0.6 Blount
K4BGW 146.67 - 0.6
K4DSZ 146.685 - 0.6 TSQL 88.5 88.5
KE4CCB 146.7 - 0.6 Tone 103.5 103.5
CATOOSA 146.715 - 0.6
WB4GBI 146.73 - 0.6 Tone 110.9 110.9 Knox
KI4KIL 146.745 - 0.6 Fentress
K4JP 146.76 - 0.6 Tone 103.5 103.5
KA4OAK 146.775 - 0.6 Tone 79.7 79.7
K4VCM 146.79 - 0.6 Hamilton
W4EYJ 146.805 - 0.6
K4EZK 146.82 - 0.6 TSQL 141.3 141.3
146.835 - 0.6
WB4GBI 146.85 - 0.6 Tone 127.3 127.3
W8EYU 146.865 - 0.6 Tone 118.8 118.8 Cumberland
W4SKH 146.88 - 0.6 TSQL 88.5 88.5
W4NSA 146.895 - 0.6 Tone 118.8 118.8 Cumberland
KC4ROG 146.91 - 0.6 Tone 203.5 203.5
W4GZX 146.925 - 0.6 Bradley
WB4GBI 146.94 - 0.6 Tone 118.8 118.8
W9QXW 146.955 - 0.6 Tone 100 100 Union, GA
W4SKH 146.97 - 0.6
KC4ZGN 146.985 - 0.6 Gilmer, GA
KA6UHV 147 + 0.6 Tone 131.8 131.8 Hamilton
KD4CWB 147 - 0.6 TSQL 100 100 Knox
KE4RX 147.015 + 0.6 TSQL 110.9 110.9 Roane
W2IQ 147.03 + 0.6 Tone 100 100
K4AIH 147.045 - 0.6 Tone 151.4 151.4 Cherokee, NC
KG4FZR 147.06 - 0.6 Tone 141.3 141.3 McMinn
WB4GBI 147.075 + 0.6 Knox
KI4KIL 147.09 + 0.6 Tone 100 100 Fentress
KG4LHC 147.09 + 0.6 Tone 203.5 203.5 Cocke
WA4KNI 147.09 + 6 Tone 91.5 91.5 Vance, NC
KD4NEC 147.105 + 0.6 Tone 100 100 Roane
K4EAJ 147.12 + 0.6 Tone 82.5 82.5
N4BZJ 147.135 + 0.6 Tone 141.3 141.3 Whitfield, GA
KE4KQI 147.135 + 0.6 Tone 114.8 114.8
K4EAJ 147.15 + 0.6 Tone 82.5 82.5 Morgan
147.16 + 0.6
KC4DSY 147.165 + 0.6 Tone 82.5 82.5 Unicoi
WD4DES 147.18 + 0.6 TSQL 118.8 118.8 Bradley
W4KEV 147.195 + 0.6 Tone 118.8 118.8 Sevier
W4NGT 147.21 + 0.6 Tone 100 100 Union, GA
WB4OAH 147.225 + 0.6 Tone 141.3 141.3 Hamblen
W4GHZ 147.24 + 0.6 151.4 151.4 Mcaon, NC
KJ4SI 147.255 + 0.6 Morgan
K4LNS 147.27 + 0.6 Tone 88.5 88.5 Carter
KF4JPU 147.285 + 0.6 Bledsoe
W4BBB 147.3 + 0.6 Tone 100 100 Knox
KE4VQM 147.315 + 0.6 Tone 141.3 141.3 Monroe
WD4ORB 147.33 + 0.6 Tone 82.5 82.5
W4KEV 147.345 + 0.6 Tone 118.8 118.8
KA4OAK 147.36 + 0.6 Tone 100 100 Campbell
KA4ELN 147.375 + 0.6 Tone 123 123
K4DPD 147.39 + 0.6 Rhea


1.25 meters

Name Frequency Duplex Offset Tone Rx Tone Tx Tone County
AJ4G 224.12 - 1.6 Tone 100 100 Bell, KY
N4OQJ 224.22 - 1.6 Knox
KA4OAK 224.28 - 1.6 Tone 118.8 118.8 Campbell
WB4GBI 224.34 - 1.6 Knox
N4OQJ 224.38 - 1.6 Tone 100 100 Knox
K4KKH 224.4 - 1.6 Knox
K4MFD 224.44 - 1.6 Tone 118.8 118.8 Greene
N4KFI 224.46 - 1.6 Tone 100 100 Knox
KD4HZN 224.48 - 1.6 Hawkins
W4BBB 224.5 - 1.6 Tone 100 100 Blount
N4KFI 224.58 - 1.6 Tone 100 100 Knox
K4IBW 224.7 - 1.6 Tone 100 100 Knox
K4PCK 224.76 - 1.6 Tone 100 100 Knox
K4IBW 224.8 - 1.6 Tone 100 100 Knox
AC4DR 224.84 - 1.6 Tone 88.5 88.5 Roane
KD4CWB 224.86 - 1.6 Tone 100 100 Knox
WD9JGI 224.9 - 1.6 Tone 127.3 127.3 Monroe
W4WC 224.9 - 1.6 Tone 100 100 Greene
KG4LDK 224.92 - 1.6 Tone 203.5 203.5 Cocke
KB4PSI 224.94 - 1.6 Greene


70 centimeters

Name Frequency Duplex Offset Tone Rx Tone Tx Tone County
K4BTL 442 + 5 Tone 100 100
WM4RB 442.025 + 5 Tone 100 100
K1AT 442.1 + 5 Tone 100 100 Loudon
WX4RP 442.15 + 5 Tone 100 100
WD4DES 442.25 + 5 Tone 118.8 118.8
KG4FZR 442.275 + 5 Tone 141.3 141.3
AJ4G 442.325 + 5 Tone 100 100
WB4IVB 442.35 + 5 Tone 100 100
KA4ELN 442.4 + 5 Tone 123 123
W4KEV 442.5 + 5 Tone 100 100
K4IBW 442.6 + 5 Tone 100 100
WA4ROB 442.85 + 5 Tone 103.5 103.5
N4WT 442.9 + 5 Tone 156.7 156.7
W4OAR 442.925 + 5 Tone 100 100
AK4EZ 442.95 + 5
AA4UT 443 + 5 Tone 100 100
N4UAG 443.025 + 5
W4WVJ 443.05 + 5 Tone 100 100
KA4AZQ 443.075 + 5 Tone 100 100
K4ETN 443.1 + 5 Tone 118.8 118.8
KD4PBC 443.15 + 5 Tone 146.2 146.2
W4WC 443.2 + 5 Tone 100 100
KJ4HPM 443.225 + 5 Tone 100 100
WA4FLH 443.25 + 5 Tone 88.5 88.5
WA4KJH 443.3 + 5 Tone 100 100
KF4PVQ 443.325 + 5 Tone 141.3 141.3
W2IQ 443.45 + 5 Tone 100 100
KD4CWB 443.5 + 5 Tone 100 100
AC4JF 443.55 + 5 Tone 88.5 88.5
K4JFT 443.6 + 5 Tone 100 100 Monroe
K4IBW 443.675 + 5 Tone 100 100
KG4LHC 443.75 + 5 Tone 203.5 203.5
KD4CWB 443.8 + 5 Tone 100 100
WB4JGI 443.825 + 5
AC4JF 443.85 + 5 Tone 100 100
KE4RX 443.975 + 5 Tone 110.9 110.9
KD4CWB 444 + 5 Tone 100 100
KC4PDQ 444.075 + 5
KB4REC 444.175 + 5
K4MFD 444.2 + 5 Tone 118.8 118.8 Greene
W4NCS 444.225 + 5 Tone 100 100
W4IC 444.25 + 5 Tone 127.3 127.3
W4GZX 444.275 + 5 Tone 114.8 114.8
WB4GBI 444.3 + 5 Tone 118.8 118.8
N4KFI 444.325 + 5
AC4JF 444.35 + 5 Tone 88.5 88.5
KC4NNN 444.425 + 5
KB4REC 444.525 + 5 Tone 123 123
W4BBB 444.575 + 5 Tone 100 100
WB4NKL 444.65 + 5 Tone 100 100
K4IBW 444.675 + 5 Tone 100 100
444.7 + 5
N4CKB 444.725 + 5 Tone 146.2 146.2
K4ETN 444.75 + 5 Tone 192.8 192.8
KK4DKW 444.775 + 5 Tone 94.8 94.8
KE4FGW 444.825 + 5
N4WT 444.875 + 5 Tone 156.7 156.7
KD4TZT 444.925 + 5
UHF CALL 446 0



Name Frequency Duplex Offset Tone Rx Tone Tx Tone County
K4MFD 444.0375 + 5 CC 1 1 Greene
KB4REC 444.175 + 5 CC 1 1 Knox
WB4GBI 440.575 + 5 CC 1 1 Sevier



Name Frequency Duplex Offset Tone Rx Tone Tx Tone
WX 1 162.55
WX 2 162.4
WX 3 162.475
WX 4 162.425
WX 5 162.45
WX 6 162.5
WX 7 162.525
WX 8 161.65
WX 9 162.75
WX 10 163.275


How To Setup RMS Express on OS X (Apple)

Hello and thanks for taking a moment to stop by! In this post, I will show you how I setup my MacBook Pro to use RMS Express which is WinLink software to function properly using CrossOver software. It may seem a little complex and honestly there is not a lot of great information on the web to demonstrate and walk you through the steps of setting this up, so I thought I would take a stab at it. If you have any issues or hiccups, click the Contact tab from the Menu above and I will do my best to give you some help. the purpose of this thread is to help others setup RMS Express on OS X and as always, to promote the friendliness of amateur radio.

Below is the software I have setup on my MacBook Pro
– OS X Version 10.9.5
– CrossOver for Mac Version 13.0
– RMS Express for Windows Version
– VOACAP for Windows Version 12.0722W

Links to download needed software
CrossOver for Mac
RMS Express for Windows
VOACAP for Windows

Hardware Used
– MacBook Pro
– SignaLink USB
SignaLink USB may be purchased at amateur radio supply stores, or at Ham Radio Outlet for about $100

Go ahead and download the needed software before you go any farther into this installation. Doing so will make it easier for the install.

Be sure before you begin this installistion that you correctly setup your SignaLink USB to properly send and receive. Also be sure to turn the delay to the lowest setting.

First Is To Install RMS Express Into CrossOver

Step One
Create a new WinXP bottle:
– Configure > Manage Bottles > + (Add New Bottle)
– Name the bottle and follow instructions

Step Two
One you have created the bottle, you need to install specific software into your bottle.
– Under Manage Bottles, click Applications tab > Install Software
– In the list of available applications scroll to Service Pack and Upgrades
– Select Microsoft .NET Franework 3.5 Service Pack 1
– Click Install

Once you click Install it will prompt you to install a lot of software so you will have to keep a watchful eye on it. When it ask you to Restart, click Restart Now.

Step Three
Install RMS Express
– Under Manage Bottles, click Applications tab > Install Software
– Under Select An Application To Install, croll to the bottom of the list of applications
– Select Unsupported Applications > Other Application
– Click the Select An Installer tab > Choose Installer File
– Chose the previously downloaded RMS Express software
– Click Use This Installer
– Click Install

Step Four
Install VOACAP
VOACAP is used to plot propagation reports to better provide stations you can connect to easier
– Under Manage Bottles, click Applications tab > Install Software
– Under Select An Application To Install, croll to the bottom of the list of applications
– Select Unsupported Applications > Other Application
– Click the Select An Installer tab > Choose Installer File
– Chose the previously downloaded VOACAP software
This software should have a name that looks like itshfbc_120722.exe
– Click Use This Installer
– Click Install
– Follow the instructions (clicking Next and Agree To Terms and Conditions)
– Once you are prompted to install to a certain location, install to c:\itshfbc
– Click Install
– Once completed click Finish
– Once installation is complete click Done

Step Five
Setup RMS Express in Command Menu for easier access
– Click Programs > Run Command
– Use bottle
This is the bottle where the RMS Software and VOACAP Software is installed
– Command > Click Browse
– Select Program Files > RMS > RMS Express.exe
– Click Save Command To Programs Menu
You may now click Programs and choose RMS Express to more easily access and run this software

Step Six
Setup RMS Express preferences
– Run RMS Express Software
– Select Files > RMS Express Setup
– Complete necessary information
– Under Path To Propagation Forecast Program
– Enter C:\itshfbc\
– Once completed with the setup click Update
– Click the drop down menu under Open Session
– If you are setting up this software to use with SgnaLink USB, select Winmor WL2K
– Once selecting Winmor WL2K click the Open Session button
– Click Setup > WINMOR TNC Setup
– WINMOR Capture Device > select USB Audio Codec
– WINMOR Playback Device > select USB Audio Codec
– Click Update

Step Seven
Use RMS Express
– Still under the Open Session section select Channel Selection
– Click Path Quality Estimate
This will start with the highest numbers then scroll to the lowest estimates
– Select the station you wish to contact
– Tune your radio to the Dial Freq (kHz)
– Once ready to transmit and receive, click Start

Connecting to another station will send / receive any messages you have.

I hope this helps you setup RMS and properly use it! If you have any questions, comments, or updates to this thread, please let me know.